1. Zero Configuration: One of Jest’s standout features is its “zero configuration” setup. Out of the box, it provides sensible defaults that work for most projects. This means you can start writing tests almost immediately without spending time configuring the testing environment.
2. Fast and Parallel Execution: Jest is built to be fast. It can run tests in parallel, optimizing test suite execution time, and providing quick feedback to developers. This becomes particularly valuable as your codebase grows.
3. Snapshot Testing: Snapshot testing is a unique feature of Jest. It allows you to capture the output of a component or function and compare it to a previously saved “snapshot.” This is incredibly useful for detecting unexpected changes in your UI or data structures.
4. Mocking: Jest provides a robust mocking system for isolating the code you’re testing from external dependencies or modules. This helps you focus on testing the specific functionality you’re interested in, without worrying about the behavior of external components.
6. Code Coverage: Jest can generate code coverage reports, showing you which parts of your code are covered by tests. This helps you identify areas that need more testing and ensures that your test suite is comprehensive.
7. Custom Matchers: Jest allows you to create custom matchers for your test assertions. This tailoring your tests to your specific use cases makes them more expressive and readable.
8. Test Suites: Organize your tests into test suites and test cases, making it easy to manage and run specific sets of tests. This organization helps keep your test code clean and maintainable.
9. Continuous Integration (CI): Jest integrates smoothly with continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines. It can be configured to run tests automatically whenever code changes are pushed, ensuring that new code doesn’t introduce regressions.
10. Community and Ecosystem: Being backed by Facebook and with a large community of contributors, Jest has a rich ecosystem of plugins and extensions. This means that if you have a specific testing need, there’s likely a Jest plugin for it.
To get started with Jest, you need to install it (usually via npm or yarn) and create your test files with a .test.js or .spec.js extension.
Jest will automatically find and run these tests. Writing tests in Jest is straightforward and typically follows the "Arrange, Act, and Assert" pattern.
Here’s a simple example of a Jest test:
Let’s say we have a service say UserService, we are using Serverless Framework to build resources on the top of AWS provider :
So far we have our getUser function and a lambda in serverless.yml
So when we deploy our Service, Serverless will create a Stack with the name “userService-prod”, now we write some test data in our test-data folder 1) Invalid userId case 2) Valid userId case 3) userId is missing
Jest Setup :
We create the file jest.config.ts
we create a Jest-setup-env.ts file:
This code fetches environment variables from an AWS Lambda function configuration and makes them available in the Node.js environment for further use, likely for configuration and initialization purposes.
We add all test suits in __test__ folder like <function>.test.ts:
Voilà, we have written our test cases and are good to go, just run :
Automating Jest tests with AWS CodeBuild ensures robust testing before each release.
Before getting started, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:
In your project’s root directory, create a buildspec.yml file that defines the build steps, including installing dependencies and running Jest tests. Here's a basic example:
Assuming that your AWS CodeBuild release configuration is already established, emphasizing the execution of Jest tests within this pre-existing framework.
This buildspec.yml file specifies that CodeBuild should use Node.js 14, install project dependencies using npm install, and run Jest tests with npm test.
You can expect to receive comprehensive test coverage reports as well as clear indications of passed and failed test cases when working with Jest.
It’s important to emphasize that while the code sample provided here demonstrates a basic setup, the Jest framework offers extensive customization options to tailor it to your specific needs.
We highly recommend referring to the Jest documentation for a more in-depth understanding of its configuration capabilities. This article serves as an illustration of Jest’s user-friendliness and its ability to streamline the process of writing and running test cases.
Build Apps That Fit Your Business OperationsGet Started - It's free